Pain in children is more difficult to assess and treat as there are complications to the diagnosis. The child may not be able to sufficiently explain the level of discomfort experienced or if there is any ache at all. The symptom should definitely be treated without worrying about addiction or potential side effects due to the fact the easing ache helps to provide better comfort and also in enabling the healing process. If your child is experiencing any form of ache at all, be sure to consult with the doctor and get the suitable remedy for it.
The agony varies from one person to another, so too in children. Likewise, the treatments and response to medication are not all the same. Get to know the details on how exactly the severity of ache is diagnosed and the pain relief treatments are provided for children.
Diagnosing pain in children
The accurate measurement of pain is an important aspect to providing the right treatment. Pediatric doctors usually engage in multiple methods to assess the agony levels. There are three methods that are commonly referred to. These are:
- Getting the pain report from the child – This method is done differently for older children and younger children. The child may be asked to rate the level of ache on a scale of 1 to 10, with 1 being the lowest and 10 being the highest level. Younger children who do not have comprehension of this scale may be asked to look at different facial expressions and to choose the one that suits best the level of discomfort being experienced.
- Evaluating behavior – The child’s behavior like motor skills, crying, facial expressions, and such are also indications of the pain levels.
- Taking note of physiological symptoms – Physical symptoms may also be indicators of the pain being experienced. The doctors measure the blood pressure, sweating in the palms, swollen areas, pulse, etc.
Drugs used to treat pain in children
Treatments, as mentioned earlier, depend on the severity and also to the response to the method used. The following are the treatment options for pain in children:
- Painkillers – The more frequently used pain meds are acetaminophen and opioids. The doctor may even prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Before giving any over the counter medication, check with the doctor to see if it is safe or not.
- Antidepressants – Mild antidepressants can help in enhancing the neurotransmitters and providing emotional stability. These medications are more suitable for children who have chronic pain and do not respond well to painkillers.
- Epidural analgesia – This is done in the spinal cord space to control the ache surrounding that area, particularly around the time of surgeries.
- Patient controlled analgesia (PCA) – The PCA pump is placed nearby to adjust the medication sent to the body according to the level of discomfort.
If you have any queries at all regarding the medications or treatments for your child, be sure to address them directly with the doctor without any delays.